There are numerous conditions, activities and events that cause low back pain. Below is a list of some of the most common causes.
Mental and Emotion Pressure
The physical and mental exertions of Daily life can take its toll on your body over time. Often overlooked, stress and emotional pressure can cause muscles to tighten and contract, resulting in pain and stiffness. Because we carry most of our weight in our backs, that is exactly where we can feel the end result of tense daily living: tight muscles and painful movements.
Poor Posture and Low Bank Pain
Your mother warned you! The way you’re getting through your day could be the cause of your back pain. Poor posture—standing for long periods of time or sitting incorrectly—can cause back pain. Low back pain is often associated with heavy physical work however; sitting at the office, with bad posture can cause serious pain.
Heavy Lifting and Low Back Pain
Heavy physical work, lifting or forceful movement can often cause low back pain. If you don’t use proper lifting techniques while lifting a box of books, for example, you can really hurt your back. Back support is very important when doing this type of work
Low Back Pain Due to Over-Use
Overuse injuries are often the cause for lower back pain and stiffness. The repetitive motion of lifting, pulling or pushing, with too much weight or resistance can often cause lower back pain. This type of pain is limited to the muscles and usually goes away after a few days.
Aging and Lower Back Pain
Ligaments thicken and discs dry out with age; this is a natural part of our body’s progression as we grow older. These age-related changes make it hard for your joints and ligaments to keep your spine in its proper position. When your vertebrae moves more than it should, it can result in disorders that create pressure on your spinal nerves. This pressure can bring pain, numbness or weakness.
Being overweight puts a significant amount of pressure and stress on the back, particularly the lower back. This excess weight aggravates other health conditions such as osteoporosis (weak bones), osteoarthritis (joint pain), rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease), degenerative disc disease (described below), spinal stenosis, and spondylolisthesis.
Degenerative Disc Disease and Lower Back Pain
Degenerative Disc Disease is an example of a fairly common age-related spinal disorder. As you age, your discs can lose their normal structure and function. While this is considered normal wear and tear, but it can result in a bulging disc or a herniated disc – both mean pain.
Bulging or Herniated Discs
Sometimes, the bulging or herniated disc can push on a nerve, which can cause significant pain to travel to other parts of your body. For example, a herniated disc can push on a nerve in your low back and send excruciating, shooting pain down your leg (also known as sciatica). Pain that travels from its origin to other parts of your body is called radiculopathy. You can experience cervical radiculopathy, which mainly affects your arms, or lumbar radiculopathy, which affects your legs.
Back Pain Due to Injuries and Accidents
Your spine can be injured in numerous ways from a direct impact to your back to a minor jolt. During the winter, falling and slipping on ice is a common cause. It is important for your doctor to understand exactly how you fell or hurt yourself, as this will help him/her diagnose and treat the problem.